An anti-emetic is a drug used to reduce vomiting and nausea. Anti-emetics are used for motion sickness, nausea from migraines, gastroenteritis, morning sickness and help with the side effects of analgesics and chemotherapy.
One of the commonly used anti-emetics is domperidone (Motilium). It functions as a dopamine antagonist which acts in the brain to treat nausea and vomiting. There are many different types of anti-emetic and selection will often depend on associated conditions and potential side-effects.
Other anti-emetics include: Alizapride, Aprepitant, Casopitant, Chlorpromazine, Cyclizine, Dexamethasone, Dimenhydrinate, Diphenhydramine, Dolasetron, Domperidone, Doxylamine, Droperidol, Granisetron, Haloperidol, Hydroxyzine, Meclizine, Metoclopramide, Mirtazapine, Olanzapine, Ondansetron, Palonosetron, Prochlorperazine, Prochlorperazine, Promethazine, Tropisetron.
Brand names include: Aloxi, Antivert, Anzemet, Benadryl, Bonine, Buccastem, Compazine, Decadron, Dramamine, Emend, Gravol, Kytril, Motilium, Navoban, Pentazine, Phenergan, Phenotil, Promacot, Reglan, Remeron, Rezonic, Sancuso, Setrovel, Stemetil, Stemzine, Vistaril, Zofran, Zyprexa.
There are also natural antiemetics such as ginger and peppermint. Ginger may be used for treatment of nausea and vomiting. Peppermint tea can help with nausea and stomach pain.
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